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Endocrinology can be termed as a branch of medical science dealing with the endocrine system of human body. In other words, the endocrinology discipline deals with the treatment of hormones. The endocrinology system is responsible for the coordination various different functionalities of human body including respiration, metabolism, excretion, reproduction etc.
The supreme functionality of endocrine system is to secrete hormones. The hormones are secreted with the help of glands and these hormones, once secreted are pumped directly into the blood vessels. The peculiarities of hormones injected into blood are many as their diverse functionalities and different mode of operations define a stable functioning of human body. One hormone, once injected into the blood may have several different functions on the target organ and similarly, one target organ may act upon many hormones.
Traversing through the historical roots of analysis and development of endocrinology, China was the first country to start an extensive research on endocrinology. The Chinese doctors of 200 BC were successful in the act of isolating pituitary hormones and sex from human urine and they have used it for several different medical purposes. One of the extremely complex methods in the arena of medical science known as sublimation, very well complemented their efforts in exploring the arena of endocrinology. Eventually, Chinese initiative were taken over by European countries were further development in Endocrinology department reached heights.
Later, the endocrinology department has evolved as a medical profession where extensive study and research has been carried out. Even though each and every human organ receives hormones secreted by glands, endocrinology is all about some special organs which receive hormone secretion. These organs include pancreas, testes, thyroid etc. The medical department of endocrinology essentially deals with study of hormones, variation in secretion of hormones by different glands, variation in reception of hormones by different human organs or any sort of deficiencies experienced in case of hormone generation or gland functioning.
Different laboratory tests are primary ways through which endocrine disease identification is done. Different tests are very popular in identification of endocrine diseases such as excitation testing, suppression testing etc. The functioning of a particular endocrine organ or organs will be tested with the help of an injection which will be a stimulating agent. This test will suggest the abnormalities of organs if any, the variation in hormone secretion, if any. Here, the role of an endocrinologist is too high as he needs to be an expert in the areas of biochemistry and clinical chemistry for a better understanding continually varying organic structure.
Separation or distinction of disease with human variations is extremely crucial in better diagnosis of endocrine disease. Difference in physical patterns and test results can very well be a true indicator to the disease in most of the cases. However, incidental findings of endocrine organs are done through the process of diagnostic imaging and these finding s are called as incidentalomas. These incidental findings could very well be the disease indicator, but in some cases, that might not be the case and further investigations should be done for proper identification and diagnosis of disease.
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